The newly described bacterium is of significance in terms of environment, ecology and animal health. There is also the possibility that the organism could cause harm to people. The scientists behind the discovery are calling for increased surveillance.
Detection of the bacterium is difficult because of its similarity with two other species of Bacillus: Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus cereus (they each are members of the B. cereus group). These are also spore-formers (a means for some bacteria to remain dormant under extreme or unfavorable environmental conditions), found in soil.