Monday, 28 August 2017

Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Assessing patient risk

A new research paper of interest has been published:

Introduction: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important pathogen in nosocomial infections and developed typing techniques are essential allowing researchers to understanding hospital epidemiology. Monitoring the emergence and transmission of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains permits the elucidation of the source of infection and routes of bacterial transmission. The aim of the present study was an in silico comparison of Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis with different schemes of Multiple Locus Variablenumber Tandem Repeat Analysis in terms of discriminatory power and concordance.

Materials and methods: 58 P.aeruginosa whole genomes have been analyzed in silico to determine SpeI-digested PFGE type and subspecies types using different MLVA methods. Resolution power, strength and direction of the concordance between typing methods have been estimated by calculation of the Simpson’s index, the adjusted Rand and the adjusted Wallace coefficients.

Results: The Simpson’s indices of diversity were 1.0 for PFGE and from 0.995 to 0.999 for MLVA schemes with 6-19 markers. The congruence between PFGE and different MLVA methods measured by the adjusted Rand index were from 0.306 to 0.665 on cluster level for PFGE and type level for MLVA. The congruence was slightly higher at the clonal cluster level - from 0.46 to 0.694.

Conclusion: Our in silico study for comparing different MLVA schemes with PFGE, based on Pseudomonas aeruginosa genomes showed, on the one hand, the same high level of discriminatory power of PFGE and MLVA even with 6 tandems markers; nonetheless, on the other hand, there was moderate/poor congruence (no more 70%) between PFGE and MLVA schemes on cluster level.

The reference is:

Babenko, D., Turmuhambetova, A., Sandle, T., Pestrea, A.A., Moraru, D. and Chesca, A. (2017) In silica comparison of different types of MLVA with PFGE based on Pseudomonas aeruginosa genomes, Acta Medica Mediterranea, 33: 347-352

For a copy, please contact Tim Sandle

Posted by Dr. Tim Sandle