Sunday, 19 August 2018

Distribution of biocide resistant genes and biocides susceptibility in multidrug-resistant bacteria


A new research paper of interest:

Purpose:

The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of biocide resistant genes, qacA, qacE and cepA in multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria: Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii and to correlate the presence or absence of resistant genes with biocides susceptibility. 

Materials and methods:

The study included 44 MDR K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii microorganisms. The bacteria were screened for the presence of biocide resistant genes by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. The test organisms were isolated from various clinical specimens in the Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. The in vitro susceptibility tests of the three biocides (benzalkonium chloride, cetrimide and chlorhexidine gluconate) were studied against the test isolates by broth microdilution method following Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. 

Results:

With the distribution of biocide resistant genes in K. pneumoniae, all 9 isolates (100%) possessed cepA; 4 (44.4%) and 1 (11.1%) isolate contained qacA and qacE genes respectively. Among 24 isolates of A. baumannii tested, cepA, qacA and qacE genes were found in 54.2%, 16.7% and 33.3% of isolates respectively. Among 11 P. aeruginosa isolates, 63.6% contained cepA gene, 18.2% contained qacE genes, and none of the isolates harboured qacA gene. There was no significant correlation between presence or absence of biocide resistant genes and high MIC values of the test isolates (p ≥ 0.2). 

Conclusion:

Our observations imply that there was no significant correlation between presence or absence of biocide resistant genes and MICs observed in MDR K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii. Further studies are required to find to confirm the trend of reduced susceptibility to biocides of problematic nosocomial pathogens.

Reference:

Vijayakumara, R., Sandle, T., Al-Aboodya, M. S., AlFonaisana, M.K., Alturaikia, W., Mickymaraya, S., Premanathana, M., Alsagabya, S.A. (2018) Distribution of biocide resistant genes and biocides susceptibility in multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii — A first report from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Journal of Infection and Public Health, online: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2018.05.011

To access see: Research Gate

Posted by Dr. Tim Sandle

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