Wednesday, 5 June 2019

What is low-density lipoprotein (LDL) heart disease?

Image: Manu5

Cholesterol cannot be transported in blood on its own and is attached to hydrophilic proteins that function as transport vehicles for moving different types of fats such as cholesterol, triglycerides, and phospholipids. It is associated with the basic nature of fats that they are insoluble in water.

These combinations of fats and protein are called lipoproteins.

Mainly, there are five different types of lipoprotein namely chylomicrons, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL).

LDL, the "bad" cholesterol is the type puts your heart at risk.

It gathers in the walls of your blood vessels, where it could result in blockages.

Raised levels of LDL add to your chances of a heart attack and the reason behind that is the sudden blood clot that shapes there.

If the LDL level is high, that means that you have too much LDL cholesterol in your blood. This extra LDL, along with other substances, forms plaque.

The plaque builds up in your arteries and causes the arteries to become hardened and narrowed, which slows down or blocks the blood flow to the heart. As blood carries oxygen to heart, such a condition means that your heart may not be able to get enough oxygen which causes chest pain.

If the blood flow is completely blocked, it causes a heart attack. Higher levels of LDL raise the probability an of heart disease.

It's based on your how likely it is you’ll have heart disease or a stroke.

Factors like your age, cholesterol level, blood pressure whether you smoke or take blood pressure medicine affect your chance of having a heart problem.

While if you have Diabetes or a history of heart disease in your family, also contribute to chances of a stroke.

A particular kind of medication that can lower your cholesterol and regular exercise, that gets your heart pumping, lowers your LDL levels.

Further, if you can add foods low in saturated fat, cholesterol, simple carbs (like sugar, white bread), fiber and plant sterols to your diet, you can lower your numbers even more.

On the other hand, many people have high blood cholesterol throughout their lifetime without ever developing heart disease.

About Author


Krishna writes about digital marketing, healthcare, market research (straitsresearch.com) and has a lot of working experience with international companies. He has extensive experience developing marketing, corporate communications, and public relations materials in a variety of fields including finance, business, chemical, healthcare and technology.

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