Sunday, 27 June 2021

How Is Personalized Medicine Changing the Pharmaceutical Industry for the Better?


Article by Emily Newton

Bio: Emily Newton is the Editor-in-Chief at Revolutionized. She regularly covers stories in the tech and industrial sectors.

Most people can recall instances where they received prescription drugs that didn’t work as well as their physicians expected. Personalized — or precision — medicine aims to eliminate or substantially reduce such occasions with medications made for specific patients. Here’s a look at how that trend could bring about notable and positive pharmaceutical industry changes. 

Helping Clinical Trials Succeed More Often

 

Pharmaceutical companies invest significant amounts of time and money into products that often fail in clinical trials. One large study showed that less than 14% of drugs succeed in all clinical trial stages. However, variation occurs depending on the medication category. For example, products for oncology patients work only 3.4% of the time.

 

Precision medicine could reduce the likelihood of failure by giving more insights into how individual patients might react and which dosage regimens should provide the desired results. For example, looking at data that shows a patient’s metabolic profile could show their likely response to a medicine based on the presence of a particular gene. That knowledge could reverse side effects that may delay a clinical trial or mean a drug does not progress to the next phase.

 

Another possibility is to use genetic data to get clues about how specific population subgroups will likely respond to a product. This allows clinical trials to proceed more efficiently and effectively because the people taking the medication are highly likely to react favorably with fewer adverse effects. Thus, clinical trials become more adaptive, which could support patient and pharmaceutical company goals.  

Promoting Cost-Saving Measures

 

Pharmaceutical executives face the daunting task of keeping costs as low as possible while helping an organization’s bottom line. The industry typically faces higher expenses than some other sectors, but personalized medicine could help address that matter.

 

A survey of top pharmaceutical leaders showed that 92% considered precision medicine an opportunity, and 84% of respondents had placed it on their corporate agendas. Moreover, most of the people in the study believed precision medicine provided obvious drug development advantages over current methods. It would shorten research and development times and speed the time to market.

 

The research also noted that even a modest estimate indicated personalized medicine could lead to a 17% savings for drug development. In that case, the total cost reduction could total $26 billion annually for the worldwide industry.

 

Switching to a personalized medicine focus certainly takes substantial time, money and dedication. However, many pharmaceutical company leaders could find it worthwhile, especially as stakeholders become more interested in precision medicine during the foreseeable future. Making that decision could help businesses save money over the long term while remaining relevant in a competitive industry.

Offering More Access to Data

 

Data is at the heart of personalized medicine. It helps confirm how to create the most effective treatment for one person. It’s no surprise that some pharmaceutical companies invest in businesses to increase the overall information available to them.

 

For example, Roche recently struck several acquisition deals for companies that will result in access to genomic data from thousands of patients with cancer. That’s an example of how acquisitions could help companies get a head start after leaders show interest in personalized medicine.

 

Gaining insights from data is also becoming a more widespread practice even before company representatives actively pivot into personalized medicine. For example, many bioprocessing facilities transitioned into Industry 4.0 operations by using smart sensors to monitor procedures.

 

That works exceptionally well with temperature-sensitive processes. Experts widely agree that a temperature range between 30-35 degrees Celsius is ideal for bioethanol fermentation. Sensors can confirm those conditions and even send the information to a lab technician’s smartphone.

Moving to Better Operating and Production Methods

 

Personalized medicine represents one of many factors that have pushed pharmaceutical companies to change for the better over the years. Another example is the transition from batch chemistry to flow chemistry. The latter option involves chemical reactions occurring in a tube. It typically has a 10%-20% smaller space requirement than batch processing. Plus, it leads to quicker chemical reactions with improved yields.

 

One flow chemistry system used at Pfizer sampled 5,760 reactions in four days. Laboratory personnel then chose the ones with the best yields and scaled up based on that information. This approach is one example of how pharmaceutical company evolution could reduce trial-and-error methods, getting effective products on the market more efficiently.

 

Pharmaceutical companies that embrace precision medicine must implement wholly different manufacturing methods. However, as the flow chemistry example above shows, using new options could bring significant payoffs.

 

Chris Striffler, supply chain services leader at Clarkston Consulting, explains, “With precision medicines, it’s a much more complex model with more products, and with a lot size of one, it’s a complete shift away from large batch production.” He continued, “The clinics, hospitals and physicians’ offices are now a much more critical part of the supply chain.” That shift could make pharmaceutical companies more aware of areas for growth and how to better serve customers.

 

Enabling Rapid Therapeutic Treatments

 

The discussion above highlighted how personalized medicine could enhance clinical trials and improve patient outcomes. However, a similar effect could happen if pharmaceutical companies get ongoing, real-time data from individualized patients.

 

A team of scientists recently developed an approach that speedily detects target molecules. It relies on supramolecular compounds serving as hosts. Once it recognizes a target, the two molecules bind and cause fluorescence, making the molecule’s presence known.

 

Getting data about a patient’s blood molecules is a vital part of accelerating personalized medicine, particularly for determining the therapeutic dosage. For now, drug manufacturers rely on averages for suggested dosages. However, that typically means the data relates to male test cases. Various other factors, such as a person’s age and weight, can affect how they metabolize a drug, too.

 

This recent progress in finding target molecules could help pharmaceutical companies move away from averages toward service to single patients. Plus, it could mean businesses more quickly determine the correct dosage for people in life-threatening situations.

Personalized Medicine Is the Future

 

People are increasingly getting more interested in precision medicine. They know it often doesn’t make sense to give someone the same medications or dosages intended for thousands or millions of other patients.

 

It will undoubtedly take time for pharmaceutical companies to transition to a personalized medicine approach. However, this overview shows that the decision can bring plenty of positive impacts, helping them remain competitive now and over time.

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